She is making mud plaster for their makeshift house. This new initative between the Government and Habitat is the first time they can hope to own their own land and house without the treat of being forced off communal lands.
Nepal is a Low-Income Country where poverty, marginalization and natural disasters directly impact housing quality. At least 50% of the population reportedly resides in inadequate housing. Nepal’s new constitution, approved in 2015, states that housing is a fundamental right of all citizens. Federal and local governments are now seeking opportunities to improve housing quality for the poorest and most marginalized populations. Other than allocating funds for subsidies, the government has no internal capacity to ensure that these funds are put to good use. By educating government officials on constitutional provisions, policies, and procedural guidelines, they can better serve their constituencies.
Municipalities and federal agencies are approaching HFH to join them as a strategic partner in implementing these housing programs. Ten joint projects in the eastern and western Terai (lowlands) are currently being implemented and requests keep arriving to expand into new districts.
Over the next 24 months, Habitat Nepal seeks to increase its capacity to negotiate new projects with the government and build more than 2,500 new houses. The estimated contributions are the following:
|Partner||Activity||Contribution per house (USD)||Total Funding Goal (USD)|
|Municipalities||House construction||2,000||5 million|
|Habitat Nepal||Top-ups, technical services, social mobilization and operational||1,600||4 million|
Habitat estimates to build a complete house will cost USD 3,600. This amount includes all support costs to leverage government funds. Habitat Nepal is looking for assistance to cover the shortfall of USD 1,600 per household. For example, USD 32,000 would serve 20 vulnerable households.
USD 1,600 per house
contributing to an overall program goal of USD 4 million over 24 months.
During FY19 Habitat forged new relationships with the Government, securing land and built 600+ houses by June 2019– unlocking USD 1,442,500 of government housing funds.
Nabin Phurkuti and his wife are unable to continue rebuilding. Four years on, they have returned to their old earthquake-damaged house as their temporary shelter is unsuitable for raising their young son. Despite Nabin’s efforts to save money as a stone carver, his income does not stretch far enough to finish the foundations of their new house.
Nepal was hit by a devastating earthquake in April 2015 killing about 9,000 individuals and damaging over 800,000 houses. The Government allocated $3,000 grants for each affected family, disbursed in 3 installments, to assist the rebuilding effort.
- First tranche – $500 for the completion of foundations
- Second trance – $1500 for the building structure and walls
- Third tranche – $1000 for completing the roof
Four years after the earthquake, a little over 40% of the affected families have completed their homes, while many still live in temporary shelters, their unsafe damaged houses, or with family members.
Among the families who have not been able to rebuild are the most vulnerable households: single female-headed families, the elderly, orphans, and the economically deprived. These groups lack resources and technical knowledge to rebuild and comply with the administrative burdens of the government’s reconstruction program. Within Paanchkhal & Namobuddha Municipalities alone, Habitat has identified more than 400 such families. Deteriorating health, a continued sense of insecurity and no place for children to study continue to be a challenge for these households.
Habitat Nepal provides direct support to such families through top-up grants for construction materials and labor. Most importantly, these families receive technical assistance and guidance to navigate the reconstruction process. Professional services offered through the Housing Support Service Centers include site assessments & preparations, house designs, assistance in securing government grant approvals, and construction supervision. While most NGOs have now concluded their support for earthquake reconstruction, Habitat Nepal is one of the few remaining organizations working alongside the government’s reconstruction program. Funding is being sought to ensure that reconstruction is completed for the families that have been left behind.